What Are Runes?
Runes as Symbols
- Freya's runes: Freya also has a twin brother (Frey). Together, they are the gods of luck, peace and fertility, while Freya herself is a love goddess.
- Hagalaz's runes: no firm evidence today of such a god ever being worshiped, but since the other two groups were named after gods, the same is presumed for this one. If this god was worshiped, it is believed that he was similar to the goddess Kali (the goddess of destruction and ruin).
- Tyr's runes: the god Tyr is a war god who sacrificed his arm in battle to save the other gods. Because of this act, he is associated with sacrifice, devotion, bravery and heroism. He is often compared to the Roman ward god, Mars.
Note: the symbol of each rune (colored green) can be found next to its name and the runes in the photographs are my runes which I made by painting the symbols using white distemper paint on pebbles. The photographs are there to give you a better depiction of each rune symbol.
Animals: cats, cattle (primarily cows), swallows
Plants: elderberry, nettle
Crystal: green achat
Meaning: It governs over strength, speed and survival. It is sometimes called the warrior rune because great cunning was needed to tame these wild bulls. It represents our strength and potential to deal with problems of any sort and is often connected with some sort of harvest which is needed for success.
Associations: physical strength, cyclicality, renewal, strength in general
Plants: birch, moss
Meaning: Some believe it to be a symbol of barriers and others of protection. It is necessary to put it into a context (in comparison to the other runes). It is connected to the god Thor and aggression. It represents self-defense and a firm attitude and it reminds us not to believe in first impressions. It often warns us of jealousy and untruthfulness coming from people which we will meet.
Associations: strength, doors between the worlds, calculability
Animals: snakes, porcupine
Plants: thorns, oak, leek
I hope that this was enough information and that it will prove useful. In the next post, I will explain how you can use all of this knowledge practically (in divination) by explaining a few techniques of rune divination.
Until next time. Yours,